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Miller Eds. New York: Academic Press. Loeber, R. Positive parenting focuses on the relationship between parent and child. For children to grow and develop healthily, research shows that there are many factors at play. A responsive relationship helps children feel confident that their caregiver will respond to their needs.
Positive Parenting: An Essential Guide
These relationships can also be fostered with your school-aged child or teenager as well. My approach is to listen more and talk less. I ask if they want any help working through a problem or if they are looking for someone to listen. I am amazed at how often they already have things worked out for themselves and are just looking for someone who will reassure, love and support them. These types of strategies fit under the umbrella of positive discipline. Discipline can be thought of as a way to guide and teach children.
Positive discipline involves discipline that is respectful, consistent and fair. It makes your child feel good about themselves, have respect for others and learn how to problem solve. For families experiencing adversity like poverty, stress or mental illness , accessing these core life skills can be difficult. They can be difficult to experience and at times I have felt frustrated and overwhelmed.
When my three-year-old has a tantrum my approach is to take a moment to compose myself before responding. Recognize and respect difference. Family approaches to crying, sleep, and behaviour vary culturally, and navigating points of variance with sensitivity is key to providing culturally safe care. Be aware and informed of the parenting literature, credible websites, and books for parents.
Build links with at least one trusted, local early years resource e.
An Essential Guide
Some families you see in practice will have experienced ACEs: stressful or traumatic events in childhood, including abuse, neglect, parental separation or divorce, or witnessing violence. Childhood adversity is common across all socio-economic groups and its effects are cumulative. A strong dose—effect relationship between early life trauma—such as maltreatment, severe parental depression, or poverty—and health risk behaviours and later disease, was demonstrated by Felitti and Anda in the late s and has been substantiated by many studies since [ 13 ] [ 19 ].
Early toxic stress puts children at risk for physical, mental, and behavioural problems, and the absence of mitigating factors compounds such effects [ 13 ]. Recent research on social determinants has further underscored how basic family circumstances impact health and life outcomes [ 21 ].
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The vast majority of children and parents with emotional and behavioural problems, which can be trauma-related, go unidentified, and untreated [ 13 ] [ 24 ]. In the context of a trusting relationship, even opening the conversation around these issues can start an intervention for families. At every visit, clinicians should ask questions about child behaviours, family routines, and overall family function e.
If a parent describes mental health symptoms—such as depression or feelings of guilt—about any aspect of child care, take time to explore their mental health status and coping strategies, and counsel or refer appropriately. Asking about self-care and routines at home may elicit signals of family stress around money, housing, or serious dysfunction [ 4 ] [ 13 ] [ 25 ]. Screen for depression, substance use, or family trauma when appropriate, using standardized tools see, for example, www. Refer children for specialized developmental assessments and interventions as appropriate, but remember that in the meantime, much can be gained by connecting families with community-based early years programs, peer-based support groups, or skills coaching through evidence-based programs such as Triple P Parenting or the Incredible Years [ 26 ] [ 27 ].
Positive Parenting by Rebecca Eanes: | erfrensigquitroub.ga: Books
By counselling and promoting parenting strategies that nurture and sustain resilience, clinicians can help all families, and particularly those affected by early trauma and toxic stress [ 13 ] [ 31 ]. When parents seek guidance on important relational issues involving attachment, crying, sleep, and difficult behaviours, consider using MI techniques see above [ 29 ] [ 30 ].
These are pivotal opportunities for clinicians to counsel, support, and promote positive parenting. Building quality parent—child relationships is a key developmental process and clinicians should attend to security of attachment throughout early childhood [ 25 ].