For a descriptive presentation of MoCA raw scores according to age and educational level, see Table 5.
The correlation between these variables after adjustment for age and education was 0. Discussion The collection of normative data represents the first step to introduce a new test in the clinical practice. MoCA is now added to the list of screening tests that can be used on Italian people to detect subjects with cognitive deficit taking into account the effect of the demographic variables.
This may be attributable to the fact that though the mean ages of the two samples are comparable NC This discrepancy does not change even if the raw scores are adjusted in accordance with the instructions provided by the development group of MoCA, and reported in the Italian version of the test, too? In doing so our normative sample obtains a mean of The difference might derive from an incorrect estimation of the effect of education on the MoCA scores in the Canadian study, however, this is just a conjecture.
Another possible cause of the discrepancy is the difference in the selection criteria used to enrol subjects in the two studies. Narazaki et al. For the aforementioned reasons, the Nasreddine et al. In the Japanese study the means of the MoCA raw scores obtained by the age categories of 65—75 and 70—80 years were Also the Portuguese study reported in the age interval of C65 year mean age Moreover, our sample shows frequency distributions for each MoCA subtest comparable to those obtained by the Japanese one, except for the verbal abstraction and sentence repeating.
Our computed equivalent scores allow comparison between MoCA performance and other neuropsychological measures e. Further studies with an MCI patients group will be required for determining the sensibility, specificity, positive and negative predicting values of the Italian version of MoCA. Acknowledgments We are grateful to Erminio Capitani for his comments on a preliminary draft of this study. Daniella Mancini revised the English text.
Thanks to Maria Leggieri for logistic help. Conflict of interest of interest. The authors declare that they have no conflict References 1. J Am Geriatr Soc — 2. Arch Neurol — 3. Neurology — 4. Ictus cerebrale: linee guida italiane di prevenzione e trattamento, 7th edn. Pierrel Research Italy Spa, Milano, p 6. A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician.
J Psychiatr Res — 7. Dev Neuropsychol —85 8. Ital J Neurol Sci —27 9. Capitani E Normative data and neuropsychological assessment. Common problems in clinical practice and research. Neuropsychol Rehabil — Salthouse TA Theoretical perspectives on cognitive aging. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Inc, Hillsdale, p Int Psychogeriatr — Purser JL, Fillenbaum GG, Wallace RB Memory complaint is not necessary for diagnosis of mild cognitive impairment and does not predict year trajectories of functional disability, word recall, or short portable mental status questionnaire limitations.
J Am Geriatr Soc — Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord — The group of the standardization of the Mental Deterioration Battery. Eur Neurol — More information about this seller Contact this seller 2. Published by Giulio Einaudi From: Anybook Ltd. Lincoln, United Kingdom. About this Item: Giulio Einaudi, Condition: Fair.
Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)-Italian version: regression based norms and equivalent scores
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Revisit the dark ages of Ganebra, survive the post-cataclysmic winter, and emerge into the new Melor along with those who lived it. Also included are original character sketches and maps, family trees, a Volle-Common dictionary, recipes from Malora, and poetry written during the creation of The Malora Octet.
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